|F L U T O T ' S CAMERA REPAIR||
|In no particular order...
|Q What's your opinion on
changing shutter speeds? I've heard it both ways:
1. Don't change the speed when the shutter is cocked.
2. Only change the speed after the shutter is cocked.
Which way is correct and why?
A It's safe to move the speed dial first before cocking the shutter on any shutter. At least on all the ones I have seen.
When you cock the shutter, it engages the slow gear train so that a lever is against the speed dial. On some shutters (e.g., Ilex, Betax, Alphax, and Compounds) the dial is just a smooth sloping dialunless someone has adjusted the dial and made bumps or indents to correct the speeds. With these shutters, it's possible to get additional speeds in between the marked speeds. For example, if you set it between 1/5 and 1/10 your speed would be 1/8 in most cases, depending on the slop or if it's been adjusted etc.
Some might say to cock the shutter first so the gear train is
already engaged and the speed is set, but this doesn't always work. So it's always
With other shutters (e.g., Compur, Rapax, Prontor, Copal, and Seiko) the dial has steps cut into it and if you try to move the dial while cocked you could break the little pin that rides against the speed dial. These type shutters don't allow for much correction if the speeds are off. Since there are only steps, the step you are on is the speed you get.
There are at least two levers that control the speed in these shuttersthe main one that rides the steps and a second that has its own trackso the steps go up from speeds 1 second to 1/10 or 1/15 than down again at 1/25 or 1/30 and than back up.
One other thing I should mention is with some Compur and
Rapax shutters, at the highest speed (1/400 or 1/500), the lever rides up and pushes
against a heavy spring and you can feel the tension as you turn it to that speed.
|Q What's the difference
between a dial set and a rim set shutter?
A A dial-set shutter has a small speed index dial on top of the
shutter which turns in one direction. There are markings on the dial for the speeds it
will set the shutter to.
|Q Are there any common
problems with Compound shutters?
A When you cock the shutter there is a little piston at the top of
the shutterit governs the speed. If you trip the shutter right away, the little
Finally, the cable release socket can fall-off on some models, because they're just riveted on. When that happens most people just thread the hole.
|Q How about Ilex rim set
A With these shutters, it's best to trip the shutter onceat the speed you desirethen your shutter will be ready to go at that speed. This is especially true at speeds 1/5, 1/10 and 1/25.
Common problems: the speed dial gets hard to turn from old lubrication that turns gummy. Also, sometimes the cable release won't workthese shutters need a cable release with a long plunger. If it still doesn't work, then the pin in the cable release socket needs to be changed. In addition, when old lubrication gets gummy, shutter speeds can become unreliable and "T" & "B" settings may fail to work.
|Q What can you tell us
A I have found very few of these shutterseven when newwhere the speeds are true. At the higher speeds they always test slow.
Common Problems: like the Ilexes, a speed dial that's hard to turn is the main complaint. For some reason they like to over-lube these shutters and the lube migrates into the mechanism, causing the shutter to slow down or malfunction. Sometimes it can gets into the aperture and the blades stick together.
problem with the #1 and #0 is the aperture gets out of whack when the control lever gets
out of place. Only two little pins on ether side
|Q What's the best
way to store a shutter?
A Keep it in a dry area (off the floor if it's cement, like in a garage). Best to set the speed dial on "T" or "B" and uncocked so there is no
tension on the springs.
To keep the shutter in shape,
you should take it out and exercise it at least once a month, running through once at each
speed, and at least 10
|Q PaceMaker Graphic
camera 101My camera won't release the shutter when I press the release OR I can't get the
get the shutter plan shutter to release OR the shutter plan shutter is in the way. How do I get
it to move?
A Facing the camera towards you and looking on the left side of the camera, you'll see a lever that reads TRIP BACK FRONT. This lever is for: tripping the front lens shutter or the back focal plan shutter.
To trip the front lens shutter you set it on FRONT. To trip the back shutter you set on BACK. TRIP is to release the curtain.
To use the button, press in on the lower part of the lever
and push it up to TRIP. In the window, you want it to read O for the curtain to be
You can move that lever at any time and it will switch between the two sets of speeds.